From Gineipaedia, the Legend of Galactic Heroes wiki
The Galactic Federation (Japanese: 銀河連邦) was a pan-galactic federation that governed over all of the human-colonised planets in the Galaxy. It was founded in 2801 CE (1 UC), and ushered in the Golden Age of Humanity. The year of the Federation's founding became the first year of a new calendar, the Universal Calendar.
The Golden Age of Humanity
After a dark age of constant chaos and bloodshed lasting for nearly three centuries, humanity united itself under a single flag for the second time in its history. In 2801 CE (1 UC) the various former colony worlds joined in common cause on the planet Theoria to found the Galactic Federation. Ruled by a parliament, directed by a president, the Federation was a democratic government dedicated to protecting the rights of its citizens.
The Federation's reunification of the Galaxy incited a new era of deep-space exploration and colonisation. Hundreds of worlds were colonised in this new frontier. Eventually, the new colony worlds became so numerous and so far away from the central Federation government that the rule of law lost power. Space pirates plagued the frontier worlds, killing and stealing with impunity. (LOGH: 'Julian's Journey, Mankind's Journey', 'To Earth')
In 106 UC (2906 CE) the Galactic Federation assembled a vast armada, led by admirals Michel Cuffren and Christpher Wood, and dispatched it to the frontier worlds to destroy the Space Pirates once and for all. By 108 UC (2908 CE), the Galactic Federation Armada had succeeded in eliminating most of the Space Pirate's power base, and declared victory. Many Federation citizens feared that the new Armada would lead the Galactic Federation down the same path as the old United Earth Government. Due to that history, the citizens were extremely distrustful of military officials, and wary of granting any political authority to the Galactic Armada. For the next two centuries, however, the Federation would enjoy unprecedented peace and prosperity. (LOGH: 'Julian's Journey, Mankind's Journey')
The Emperor's ascension
By 208 UC (3008 CE), the social fabric of the Galactic Federation began to unravel. Scientific discoveries and the expansion of Federation territory ground to a halt; the people lost interest in politics, and the government adopted increasingly conservative ideologies. Crime rates ballooned. Only two centuries into its life, it seemed that the Federation was dying.
In 288 UC (3088 CE), a young soldier named Rudolf von Goldenbaum won a great military victory against the Main Street Pirates, earning him great celebrity in the Federation. In 296 UC (3096 CE) he retired from the Armada and began a political career; immensely popular, he was elected to the Galactic Parliament in a landslide election. Rudolf gathered many fellow young, idealistic parliamentarians about him and formed the National Reform Alliance, a new political party dedicated to 'reinvigorating' the Galactic Federation.
With each election, the National Reform Alliance's power increased. By referendum, Rudolf was appointed prime minister; shortly thereafter, Paliament elected him to the office of president. Holding both the office of President and Prime Minister concurrently, Goldenbaum was the most powerful man in the galaxy.
In 306 UC (3106 CE) Rudolf declared himself 'president for life', and initiated numerous conservative reforms that, amongst other things, disallowed freedom of speech. Then, in 310 UC (1 IC / 3110 CE), Rudolf reorganised the Galactic Federation into the Galactic Empire, declaring himself Emperor and founding the Goldenbaum Dynasty. A new calendar, the Imperial Calendar, was begun to commemorate the Empire's founding.
The final vestiges of the Galactic Federation were wiped clean from the Galaxy in 9 IC (318 UC / 3118 CE) when Kaiser Rudolf 'the Great' permanently dissolved Parliament due to their strong objections to his Inferior Genes Exclusion Act. (LOGH: 'Julian's Journey, Mankind's Journey')
The Galactic Federation, as well at its Universal Calendar, would see new life in 527 UC (218 IC / 3327 CE) with the establishment of the Free Planets Alliance. The Federation was remembered fondly as part of a 'golden era' of humankind, and the story of Rudolf's rise to power served as a constant warning to the people of the Alliance about the dangers of concentrating too much power in the hands of too few people. The early prosperous years of the Alliance would also be likened to the return of the Golden Age of Humanity from the Galactic Federation era.
- The Galactic Federation has some similarity to the Galactic Republic from Star Wars. However with Rudolf von Goldenbaum's rise to power being similar to that of Adolf Hitler's, the Galactic Federation could equally be said to resemble the Weimar Republic.